february 23, 1942 fireside chat
A vessel can make a round trip by either route in about four months, or only three round trips in a whole year. The United Nations are not- especially the United States of America. And instead of listening to any of this crude propaganda, they will recall some of the things that Nazis and Japanese have said and are still saying about us. This theme has been that Americans are admittedly rich, (and) that Americans have considerable industrial power – but that Americans are soft and decadent, that they cannot and will not unite and work and fight. We are calling for new plants and additions – additions to old plants. Japanese troop transports could go south from Japan and from China through the narrow China Sea, which can be protected by Japanese planes throughout its whole length. Tonight, nearly two months later, and after a careful survey of progress by Donald Nelson and others charged with responsibility for our production, I can tell you that those goals will be attained. They advise us to pull our warships and our planes and our merchant ships into our own home waters and concentrate solely on last-ditch defense. (2.) We are daily increasing our strength. February 23, 1942. Guam lies in the middle of them – a lone outpost which we have never fortified. Many questions will, I fear, remain unanswered tonight, but I know you will realize that I cannot cover everything in any one short report to the people. In the partnership of our common enterprise, we must share in a unified plan in which all of us must play our several parts, each of us being equally indispensable and dependent one on the other. Of all of the combatant ships based on Pearl Harbor – battleships, heavy cruisers, light cruisers, aircraft carriers, destroyers and submarines – only three (were) are permanently put out of commission. Fireside Chat on the Progress of the War. They are making Japan pay an increasingly terrible price for her ambitious attempts to seize control of the whole Asiatic world. In every part of the country, experts in production and the men and women at work in the plants are giving loyal service. Fireside Chats. They have suggested slyly that the Government has withheld the truth about casualties—that eleven or twelve thousand men were killed at Pearl Harbor instead of the figures as officially announced. On the east are the Mandated Islands- which Japan had occupied exclusively, and had fortified in absolute violation of her written word. For eight years, General Washington and his Continental Army were faced continually with formidable odds and recurring defeats. We are calling for plant conversion to war needs. Even if the attack had not been made your map will show that it would have been a hopeless operation for us to send the Fleet to the Philippines through thousands of miles of ocean, while all those island bases were under the sole control of the Japanese. They say that the British are finished – that the Russians and the Chinese are about to quit. MacArthur's army of Filipinos and Americans, and the forces of the United Nations in China, in Burma and the Netherlands East Indies, are all together fulfilling the same essential task. We shall give up conveniences and modify the routine of our lives if our country asks us to do so. These routes are not one-way streets, for the ships (which) that carry our troops and munitions out-bound bring back essential raw materials which we require for our own use. During his time in office, FDR made 24 trips outside of the U.S., visiting 19 countries. Look at the (British Isles) Islands of Britain, Australia, New Zealand, the Dutch Indies, India, the Near East and the Continent of Africa, with their (re)sources of raw materials – their resources of raw materials, and of peoples determined to resist Axis domination. We are calling for new plants and additions to old plants. Approximately 61,365,000 adults tuned in February 23, 1942, for FDR's first fireside chat since the attack on Pearl Harbor, in which he outlined the principal purposes of the war. On January 6th of this year, I set certain definite goals of production for airplanes, tanks, guns and ships. You and I have the utmost contempt for Americans who, since Pearl Harbor, have whispered or announced "off the record" that there was no longer any Pacific Fleet—that the fleet was all sunk or destroyed on December 7—that more than a thousand of our planes were destroyed on the ground. US and World Events plus Additional Resources . We have most certainly suffered losses—from Hitler's U-boats in the Atlantic as well as from the Japanese in the Pacific- and we shall suffer more of them before the turn of the tide. Skip to main content. Heavy bombers can fly under their own power from here to the Southwest Pacific; but the smaller planes cannot. We knew that the war as a whole would have to be fought and won by a process of attrition against Japan itself. Those Americans who believed that we could live under the illusion of isolationism wanted the American eagle to imitate the tactics of the ostrich. Third, if we were to stop sending munitions to the British and the Russians in the Mediterranean, in the Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea, we would be helping the Nazis to overrun Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Persia, Egypt and the Suez Canal, the whole coast of North Africa itself, and with that inevitably the whole coast of West Africa- putting Germany within easy striking distance of South America- fifteen hundred miles away. Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia, February 23, 1942: Fireside Chat 20: On the Progress of the War, Notice of Non-Discrimination and Equal Opportunity, December 11, 1941: Message to Congress Requesting War Declarations with Germany and Italy, April 28, 1942: Fireside Chat 21: On Sacrifice, September 7, 1942: Fireside Chat 22: On Inflation and Food Prices, October 12, 1942: Fireside Chat 23: On the Home Front, January 7, 1943: State of the Union Address, May 2, 1943: Fireside Chat 24: On the Coal Crisis, July 28, 1943: Fireside Chat 25: On the Fall of Mussolini, September 8, 1943: Fireside Chat 26: On the Armistice in Italy, December 24, 1943: Fireside Chat 27: On the Tehran and Cairo Conferences, January 11, 1944: Fireside Chat 28: On the State of the Union. A brilliant leader and politician, FDR went directly to the people, speaking to … We are working longer hours. The American people want to know, and will be told, the general trend of how the war is going. We shall not demand special gains or special privileges or special advantages for any one group or occupation. The task that we Americans now face will test us to the uttermost. 04/28/42 →. Now nothing that has occurred in the past two months has caused us to revise this basic strategy of necessity – except that the defense put up by General MacArthur has magnificently exceeded the previous estimates of endurance, and he and his men are gaining eternal glory therefore. At 7 PM on Feb. 23, 1942, Goleta residents were settling in to listen to President Franklin Roosevelt’s Fireside Chat on the radio. In Asia, Japan had severely damaged America's Pacific fleet and attacked British, Dutch, and American strongholds from Burma to Wake Island. Japan in such a case could release great numbers of ships and men to launch attacks on a large scale against the coasts of the Western Hemisphere- South America and Central America, and North America- including Alaska. Immediately after this war started, the Japanese forces moved down on either side of the Philippines to numerous points south of them—thereby completely encircling the Philippines from north, south, east, and west. Actually, though, we are taking a heavy toll of the enemy every day that goes by. But I can say that to date—and including Pearl Harbor—we have destroyed considerably more Japanese planes than they have destroyed of ours. The United Nations are not – especially the United States of America. During his time in office, FDR made 24 … In every part of the country, experts in production and the men and women at work in the plants are giving loyal service. I know that I speak for the mass of the American people when I say that we reject the turtle policy and will continue increasingly the policy of carrying the war to the enemy in distant lands and distant waters—as far away as possible from our own home grounds. Follow along as Roosevelt explains the impending battle. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk. Conquered nations in Europe know what the yoke of the Nazis is like. Check out Fireside Chat On The Progress Of The War (February 23rd 1942) by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on Amazon Music. You must, in turn, have complete confidence that your Government is keeping nothing from you except information that will help the enemy in his attempt to destroy us. It is different from all other wars of the past, not only in its methods and weapons but also in its geography. Toggle navigation But there was never the slightest question that either the British or the Russians would yield. 105). This war is a new kind of war. Never before have we been called upon for such a prodigious effort. MacArthur's army of Filipinos and Americans, and the forces of the United Nations in China, in Burma, and the Netherlands East Indies, are all together fulfilling the same essential task. Fourth, if by such a fatuous policy, we ceased to protect the North Atlantic supply line to Britain and to Russia, we would help to cripple the splendid counter-offensive by Russia against the Nazis, and we would help to deprive Britain of essential food supplies and munitions. The Allies on the Defensive The situation the Allies faced at the start of 1942 was bad - and quickly getting worse. The United Nations constitutes an association of independent peoples of equal dignity and equal importance. On the west, the China side, the Japanese were in possession of the coast of China and the coast of Indo-China which had been yielded to them by the Vichy French. We of the United Nations are agreed on certain broad principles in the kind of peace we seek. They are making Japan pay an increasingly terrible price for her ambitious attempts to seize control of the whole (Atlantic) Asiatic world. We have unified command and cooperation and comradeship. Under the Washington Treaty of 1921 we had solemnly agreed not to add to the fortification of the Philippines. We must fight at these vast distances to protect our supply lines and our lines of communication with our allies – protect these lines from the enemies who are bending every ounce of their strength, striving against time, to cut them. Photo from Library of Congress. From Wikisource. Every Japanese transport sunk off Java is one less transport that they can use to carry reinforcements to their army opposing General MacArthur in Luzon. Look at the vast area of China, with its millions of fighting men. Though their homeland was overrun, the Dutch people are still fighting stubbornly and powerfully overseas. There have been times when the fate of London and Moscow was in serious doubt. 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